CÉZANNE, VAN GOGH E MONET. WHEN TALENT OVERCOMES DISEASE
To celebrate the Artists Day, we highlighted three major painters who turned their weakness into their strength
Paul Cézanne (1839-1906) traced the main lines of post-impressionism and opened the door to cubism. One of the hypotheses for this advancement in art, in addition to the artist's undoubted talent, would have been a retreat in his ability to see: the painter who showed landscapes through geometric shapes suffered from myopia. The inability to see clearly made Cézanne explore other ways of representing reality.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890) was known for his dazzling sunflowers, cornfields and starry skies. In all these works, yellow vibrates and dominates. In addition to some physical and mental illnesses, there are studies that point to the fact that Van Gogh has xanthopsia, a vision disorder associated with jaundice in which the observed objects tend to have a yellowish dominant.
It was at the age of 32, with a work called “Impression, sunrise”, that Monet (1840-1926) inaugurates and gives name to Impressionism. Years later, in 1912 Monet seeks a specialist indicating strong symptoms such as blurred vision and difficulty in distinguishing colors. Monet's problem is thought to have happened because he prefers to paint outdoors, looking for the vibrant effects of light on nature, spending many hours with his eyes exposed to the sun and, as such, to ultraviolet radiation. Diagnosed with cataracts in both eyes and a visual acuity of 20/200 in his best eye, Monet prolonged his work by resorting to the memory of real images, choosing the color from the tube labels and the perfectionist organization of his pallet. In 1899, Monet paints the Japanese Bridge in his garden at Giverny. Between 1918 and 1922, Monet tries to capture the same reality, showing the deterioration of his vision, but not the quality of his art.
Side discoveries that emerged for a project related to the health sector, showing how health and disease influenced great painting masters.